No matter how good a gardener you are you would unfortunately experienced weeds in your yard.
They are a pain, BUT they can be banished easily.
What is the best way to kill weeds? Check out four top methods.
Let’s jump right in…
Whenever weeds are mentioned, the first image that would probably come to your mind would be of unwanted plants that grow where they shouldn’t be. And that would actually be an accurate description.
In this article we will look at the best way to kill weeds – and get your yard in good shape.
Boom – lets destroy these things!
So What Are Weeds?
Weeds can be defined as plants that grow where they have not been intentionally planted and generally become a nuisance. These plants have some unique traits that make them dangerous and stubborn. Such traits include;
- Rapid growth rates – They are able to quickly multiply and can take over a very large area in little time if left unchecked.
- Ability to adapt – Weeds have a resilient quality that makes them able to quickly adapt to hostile environments. As a result, they are able to thrive in conditions that are typically considered unfavorable for most plant species.
- Ability to stay dormant for long periods – Weeds often produce seeds that can stay dormant in the soil for over a year. You can therefore be easily fooled to think that you have successfully eliminated all weeds only for them to appear again when the right conditions are present.
The most common weed species include chickweed, dandelion, creeping thistle, knotweed and the ground ivy.
The video below will help you identify some common weeds:
The Impact Of Weeds
The most harmful effect of weeds is usually experienced in large scale crop production.
Weeds can also become a bother when they appear in your home garden or backyard lawn, driveway or pavement.
Some of the common problems caused by weeds include;
- Reducing the overall yield of cultivated crops – Weeds growing alongside cultivated crops deplete vital nutrients and water from the soil. This deprives other crops of nourishment leading to their gradual withering and death.
- Hosting pests and pathogens harmful to other crops – Weeds can sometimes provide a conducive environment for destructive living species to reside. Such species may include pathogens capable of infecting nearby crops or plant-eating animals.
- Producing toxic chemicals – Some weed species are highly toxic to both humans and animals when unintended contact is made with them or when they are accidentally consumed.
- Causing structural damage on buildings and infrastructure – Unwanted plants sometimes sprout around man-made structures. As they grow, their roots work their way into the concrete leading to cracks. This is most noticeable when weeds grow around concrete pavements and driveways leading to cracks and eventual disintegration.
- Ruining the beauty of a landscape – The presence of weeds on lawns and sidewalks can be an eyesore.
Methods of Eliminating Weeds
Weeds can completely cover any space if no action is taken to curb their spread. Failure to act promptly can result in a total infestation that can be difficult, costly and time-consuming to deal with.
And you don’t want that.
It is thus advisable to take swift measures to eliminate weeds whenever you notice them. There are several methods through which you can successfully eliminate weeds.
The most appropriate method to use will depend on the species of weed being removed and the extent of infestation.
1 – Pulling Them Out By Hand
If there are only a few weeds around your garden or lawn you can consider pulling them by hand. This method sounds quite easy but it requires a lot of patience and care to be done effectively.
You will have to make sure that you pull out the entire plant including its roots. It is advisable to do this when the soil is wet. You will need a pair of heavy duty gloves to protect your hands since some weeds might contain toxins or tiny thorns.
You should then hold each weed firmly at the bottom of the stem and gently pull it out with one hand. If you encounter any resistance, do not use excessive force as you may end up breaking the stem and leaving the roots in the ground.
You should instead dig out some soil from around the stem using a trowel to expose the roots before pulling it out.
1 – This method is the cheapest since no chemicals or expensive tools are needed
1 – It is a tedious and time-consuming method since each weed has to be pulled out individually.
2 – This method can only be applied effectively on shallow-rooted weeds which are easier to pull out..
2 – Mulching
Mulching basically involves burying the weeds under a thick layer of organic matter. Inorganic materials such as polythene and pieces of cloth can also be used although this can destroy the environment.
Mulching works by suffocating the weeds underneath the layer, cutting off access to light and air which they need to grow.
1 – It is less tiresome compared to other methods.
2- Mulching with organic material such as manure can provide nutrients to the soil while at the same time suffocating the weeds underneath.
1 – This method is only applicable in gardens. Mulching on lawns is not practical since the mulch will also kill the grass around the lawn and create an ugly sight.
2 – It takes a long time before the roots of the weeds underneath the mulch are finally killed. In some instances, some roots might take over a year of mulching before they wither and die.
3 – Mulching can provide shelter for other undesirable pests and animals such as garden spiders and slugs.
3 – Using A Weed Killer
When the other methods listed above fail to produce satisfactory results, you can opt to use a weed killer.
But how does this work?
This method involves spraying chemical substances on weeds to kill them and completely destroy their roots and seeds thus ensuring their permanent elimination.
Weed killers can be purchased in gardening supplies stores. You can also make your own at home using a mixture of vinegar and salt.
1 – This method is perhaps the most effective as it destroys the weeds from the root in a matter of days.
2 – Most weed killers also serve as pesticides to kill other unwanted organisms that feed on your plants such as worms.
1 – Some synthetic weed killers contain chemicals that can harm humans.
2 – Weed killers can leave traces in the soil several months after use, making it difficult to grow other crops in the same soil even after the weeds are gone.
3 – Weed killers can cause environmental pollution. For example, traces of chemical weed killers can be washed away by rain and deposited in nearby rivers and lakes, posing a risk to aquatic animals in the process
4 – Using A Weed Eater
Weed Eaters, also known as string trimmers or weed whackers, are machines that basically cut through weeds and other using plastic lines.
The premise is simple:
The line is held out from the head by centrifugal force. The faster the line turns the stiffer it is. They are hand held and powered by gas, electricity or a battery.
1 – A quick and effective way of removing weeds
2 – Easy to use
1 – Initial outlay is more expensive
2 – Maintenance and management of the weed eater is required
If you are thinking about getting one there are some fantastic weed eaters on the market.
Want to learn more about how to keep weeds at bay, check out some of these links: